Leather and Knit Details at Louis Vuitton

Leather and Knit Details at Louis Vuitton | The Cutting Class. Louis Vuitton, AW14, Paris. Nicolas Ghesquière's debut collection for Louis Vuitton.

Louis Vuitton, AW14, Paris.

It was fitting for a house such as Louis Vuitton, that is so renowned for it’s leather goods, that the clothes in the Autumn-Winter 2014 collection reflected the craftsmanship and techniques required to handle leather with sensitivity. It was also interesting to see that the use of leather was balanced with experiments in comfortable and easy-to-wear knit garments. This combination of fabrics gave Nicolas Ghesquière a range of textures to pair and contrast in his first collection for Louis Vuitton.

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Sleeve Head Details at Chanel

Sleeve Head Details at Chanel | The Cutting Class. Chanel, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Chanel, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

There were a couple of interesting techniques that were used in the Chanel couture collection around the sleeve head area which could easily be applied to other garments. These techniques may also prove helpful when working with fabrics that are hard to ease around the sleeve head area.

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Padded Links and Knots at Comme des Garçons

Padded Links and Knots at Comme des Garçons | The Cutting Class. Comme des Garçons, AW14, Paris.

Comme des Garçons, AW14, Paris.

The Comme des Garçons collections often include garments that envelope the body in a way that disregards the location of limbs, traditional erogenous zones and standard clothing proportions. In the Autumn-Winter 2014 collection, the models were often wrapped in padded tubes, which were weaved, wrapped and knotted around their bodies.

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Glossary: Pintucks

Glossary: Pintucks | The Cutting Class. Christian Dior, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Christian Dior, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Pintucks are a versatile textile detail that can be used in different ways to add texture to garments. They are created by folding the fabric and sewing only 1-2mm from the folded edge. Once the fabric is opened flat, this creates a tiny ridge on the surface of the garment. They are often used in multiple rows and at different widths to create different directional effects.

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Design and Construction Details from Margiela

Design and Construction Details from Margiela | The Cutting Class. Maison Martin Margiela, Couture, AW14, Paris. Clean white shirt.

Maison Martin Margiela, Couture, AW14, Paris.

With surreal embellished prawns and dresses covered in cut up cans and old coins, the Maison Martin Margiela couture collection was filled with bright and shiny details. Aside from these more superficial elements, there were also carefully considered construction details to provide cleaner lines in amongst the more outlandish garments.

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Glossary: Sweetheart Neckline

Glossary: Sweetheart Neckline | The Cutting Class. Maison Martin Margiela, Couture, AW14, Paris.

Maison Martin Margiela, Couture, AW14, Paris.

Usually a garment with a “sweetheart” neckline uses two curves across the top of the bust in a design line that mimics the arcs found at the top of a heart shape. This garment from the Autumn-Winter 2014 collection from Maison Martin Margiela is less subtle and even more straight up in it’s amorous intentions, since the neckline is used as part of a bodice that is actually shaped as a bejewelled heart.

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Big Red Carpet Bows at Viktor and Rolf

Big Red Carpet Bows at Viktor and Rolf | The Cutting Class. Viktor and Rolf, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Viktor and Rolf, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Some designers like to present a collection as though it’s a new wardrobe; a collection of different clothes for different occasions that are either centred around a theme, or simply styled together. Other designers like to take a single idea and push it to the limit by creating many different permutations of the same concept. It was the latter approach that was at play for the recent Viktor and Rolf couture collection where it was all about the red carpet.

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Glossary: Fastenings

Glossary: Fastenings | The Cutting Class. Chanel, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris. Fastenings reference busk hardware of corsets.

Chanel, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Examples of back fastening details that were used in the Chanel Autumn-Winter 2014 couture collection that appeared to be based on the same hardware that would normally be used as a closure on the busks of corsets. The busk section is usually used in the front of corsets, while the corset lacing is used at the back.

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Encrusted Fabrics & Sculpted Silhouettes at Chanel

Encrusted Fabrics and Sculpted Silhouettes at Chanel | The Cutting Class. Chanel, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Chanel, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

The sheer size of the Chanel couture collections, combined with the technical abilities of the crafts people who work on the collections, always creates a need to view the collection from afar and up close. In this way you can appreciate the silhouettes and proportions of the garments, and then look closer to see the insane level of detail in the fabrics and materials.

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Draping and Moulage

Draping and Moulage | The Cutting Class. Progress image of draping on a Hervé L. Leroux garment for couture SS13.

Work in progress on a dress for the label Hervé L. Leroux from the Spring-Summer 2013 couture collection.

While many designers design garments that can be created using flat pattern making techniques, other garments are created by working directly on a mannequin using techniques often referred to as “draping” or “moulage”. There are a couple of things to keep in mind when working in this way if you are using draping techniques to develop your own designs.

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Glossary: Princess Panel Lines

Glossary: Princess Panel Lines | The Cutting Class. Christian Dior, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris. Bodice seam lines continue from the armhole down over the bust and to the waist.

Christian Dior, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Here are a couple of examples of how princess panel lines were used in the Christian Dior haute couture collection for Autumn-Winter 2014. The example images show how the seam line can begin from the armhole or from the shoulder line, continuing down through or close to the bust point, and down through the waist.

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Structural Waist Shaping at Dior Couture

Structural Waist Shaping at Dior Couture | The Cutting Class. Christian Dior, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

Christian Dior, Haute Couture, AW14, Paris.

For the Christian Dior couture collection for Autumn-Winter 2014, the first section of the show was devoted to Raf Simons’ experiments with silhouette. More specifically the silhouettes seemed to reference the dress shapes of the 18th century, but in terms of technique the Dior dresses used more contemporary combinations of panels, tucks and pleats to create the necessary shaping and fullness in the fabric.

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Creating Cartridge Pleats

Creating Cartridge Pleats | The Cutting Class. Alexander McQueen, AW13, Paris.

Alexander McQueen, AW13, Paris.

Cartridge pleats are a detail that you may associate with historical and period costume as they are often used to create Elizabethan ruffs and provide fullness on skirts. The labour intensive detail does however have the sort of beautiful structure that is often used in contemporary garments, and can easily be appropriated into collections today as both a structural or decorative detail.

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Glossary: Glen Plaid

Glossary: Glen Plaid | The Cutting Class. Alexander McQueen, Menswear, SS15, London. Glen plaid panelled with plain and houndstooth suiting.

Alexander McQueen, Menswear, SS15, London.

An example of fabric woven with a glen plaid pattern, mixed with plain and houndstooth suiting from the Spring-Summer 2015 Menswear show at Alexander McQueen. You may also see glen plaid named as glen check or “Prince of Wales” check.

The weave structure for a glen plaid is based on a twill weave that is used to create the different squares of patterns within the weave.

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Glossary: Fastenings

Glossary: Fastenings | The Cutting Class. Christopher Kane, RST15, London. Clip fastenings used on waist and as shoulder detail.

Christopher Kane, RST15, London.

An example of a more unusual type of garment fastening from Christopher Kane’s Resort 2015 collection. In this example one clip has been used to create a belted effect by pulling on the waist of the garment. A second clip has been used to form a shoulder strap to balance out the asymmetry of the neckline.

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